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Survival Equipment

How to choose the best wool pants for winter comfort, camping and survival

How to choose the best wool pants for winter comfort, camping and survival

One of the first winter camping  items recommended to the Boy Scouts in our troop is wool pants. Here is how to pick the ones that will suit your needs best.

by Leon Pantenburg

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After my first afternoon in the Confederate Army, I was ready to desert. Leading my list of complaints was the thick wool uniform.

I was an embedded journalist with the Confederates at the re-enactment battle of Champion Hill near Jackson, Miss. I’d borrowed authentic weapons, accouterments and uniform from the Vicksburg National Military Park, and I was about to melt in the 90 plus-degree heat.

My trusty medium weight wool pants kept me warm and dry while building a snow cave during a winter outing.

My trusty medium weight wool pants kept me warm and dry while building a snow cave during a winter outing.

The wool kepi I wore provided  virtually no sun protection and the heavy pants and jacket were like wearing a sweat suit. No body heat escaped. I couldn’t imagine a worse material for the hot, humid weather of the deep south than wool.

But, on the other hand,  there is no worse pair of pants for winter survival than denim  jeans. The cotton fabric sucks heat from your body, and once they get wet, the moisture wicks through the material until it’s completely soggy. (For more info on outdoor clothes fabrics, check out the video below.)

While there are synthetic clothing  options available, for my money, nothing beats wools in winter. Where I live in Central Oregon, wool is  my favorite material for pants about six months out of the year. Also, the material is fire resistant, and stays warm when wet.

Wool can also be inexpensive: Last fall at the local surplus store, I got a lightweight pair of wool pants for $7.95. And once you find a good wool garment, it will last seemingly forever. My  old Lands End red wool sweater has served me well for the past 20 years, and it’s still going strong. The biggest danger is my wife finding and sending the sweater to the thrift store!

Here are some tips for choosing wool pants.

  • Size: Get a couple inches or so bigger around the waist. They will shrink with use. You may want to wear polypropylene long underwear underneath, or synthetic pajama bottoms if wool makes you itch. Never wear 100-percent cotton thermal longjohns – they will get damp from perspiration and suck the heat away. Also, you’ll want plenty of room in the seat and thighs of the pants if the plans include vigorous snow sports, such as snowshoeing or cross-country skiing.
  • Not too long: While it may be the style to wear pants cuffs that drag on the ground, that isn’t going to work well in snow. With gaiters, you’ll have to tuck the pant legs in them, and unnecessary bulk can be a pain. 
  • Lots of pockets: I carry a BIC butane lighter in my pocket to keep the fuel warm and functioning. I also need other pocket survival gear, and having large pockets is incredibly handy. Some items, such as batteries, must be kept warm for them to function and you’ll need a place to carry them.
  • Sturdy belt loops or suspender links: Wool can get heavy, and a belt or suspenders will be needed. Suspenders are great if you don’t want the bulk of a belt around your waist. They will also allow you to comfortably strap on a fanny pack or the belt of a daypack. 
  • Cost: Surplus wool pants can range in price from under $10 to about $30. Go to the high end Filson or L.L. Bean pants and you’ll spend upward of $100. You get what you pay for, but I’ve never seen the need for high-priced wool pants.

The next consideration is the weight, or thickness, of the pants. Obviously, the colder the weather, the thicker the material you’ll need. In the surplus arena, there are usually three different weights.

  • Lightweight dress slacks: These are designed to go with military dress uniforms, and the fabric may be no thicker than jeans. They are much warmer than jeans, though, and are a good choice for early fall. They won’t have a lot of pockets, but will be very comfortable when the weather is chilly.
  • Medium weight: This is generally the weight I wear most of the time in the winter. They are usually standard military wear and the weight most commonly available. They are comfortable from about 60 degrees down to the teens, depending on your activity level.
  • Heavy duty, arctic wear: I have a couple pairs of Swedish heavy duty woolies, and they are too hot unless it is very cold. But when the temperature is in the single digits, these pants come through just fine.  

Cleaning wool is easy. I wash my stuff after an outing with regular laundry soap and warm water, then air dry them. You’ll get some shrinkage (see size) but if you start out a little big, the pants will soon fit you fine. 

Wool may not be the best fabric for everyone. Synthetics have a place in your outdoor wardrobe, but the good gear is expensive and may not be particularly fire resistant.

Check out the local surplus or thrift stores. You might find a fine piece of wool survival gear for a very good price. 

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Survival Equipment

Leon Pantenburg is a wilderness enthusiast, and doesn't claim to be a survival expert or expertise as a survivalist. As a newspaperman and journalist for three decades, covering search and rescue, sheriff's departments, floods, forest fires and other natural disasters and outdoor emergencies, Leon learned many people died unnecessarily or escaped miraculously from outdoor emergency situations when simple, common sense might have changed the outcome. Leon now teaches common sense techniques to the average person in order to avert potential disasters. His emphasis is on tried and tested, simple techniques of wilderness survival. Every technique, piece of equipment or skill recommended on this website has been thoroughly tested and researched. After graduating from Iowa State University, Leon completed a six-month, 2,552-mile solo Mississippi River canoe trip from the headwaters at Lake Itasca, Minn., to the Gulf of Mexico. His wilderness backpacking experience includes extended solos through Yellowstone’s backcountry; hiking the John Muir Trail in California, and numerous shorter trips along the Pacific Crest Trail. Other mountain backpacking trips include hikes through the Uintas in Utah; the Beartooths in Montana; the Sawtooths in Idaho; the Pryors, the Wind River Range, Tetons and Bighorns in Wyoming; Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado, the Catskills in New York and Death Valley National Monument in southern California. Some of Leon's canoe trips include sojourns through the Okefenokee Swamp and National Wildlife Refuge in Georgia, the Big Black River swamp in Mississippi and the Boundary Waters canoe area in northern Minnesota and numerous small river trips in the Midwest and Pacific Northwest. Leon is also an avid fisherman and an elk, deer, upland game and waterfowl hunter. Since 1991, Leon has been an assistant scoutmaster with Boy Scout Troop 18 in Bend, and is a scoutmaster wilderness skills trainer for the Boy Scouts’ Fremont District. Leon earned a second degree black belt in Taekwondo, and competed in his last tournament (sparring and form) at age 49. He is an enthusiastic Bluegrass mandolin picker and fiddler and two-time finalist in the International Dutch Oven Society’s World Championships.

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