Speed and convenience may be the deciding factors between getting wet and cold, or sitting out a storm front, dry and comfortable under a tarp. Here are the materials and skills you need to make a hasty shelter.
by Leon Pantenburg
You’re hiking in the forest with friends and suddenly, you notice the sky is getting dark quickly and rain is going to start in a matter of minutes. Or suppose the rain just caught you. Unless you can get under cover, really soon, you will all get cold and wet.
In either of these common situations, rigging a tarp shelter has to be done quickly. All you need is a small tarp (I prefer a 8×10) and about 25 feet of paracord. I always carry four aluminum tent stakes in case the corners of the tarp need to be staked down.
Here is what you do.
- Look around: Make sure nothing is going to fall on you, and that the ground will drain. (Note: Never make a shelter in a dry wash in the desert! A flash flood could send a wall of water rushing through the wash and drown you.) The ground should be slightly elevated so the water will drain.
- Locate two trees: These should be about 10 to 15 feet apart. Take your paracord and tie a Timber Hitch about six feet up, then string the cord to the other tree and tie a loose Trucker’s Hitch about the same height. Don’t pull it tight yet.
- Attach the tarp: Use through the grommet and stick method (Thanks for the tip, Peter Kummerfeldt!). Tighten the
paracord line by pulling on the loose end of the Trucker’s Hitch. Tie off the paracord.
- Stake down the end, or weigh it with rocks.
- Get out of the weather.
Obviously, there are many different ways to rig a hasty shelter. But I’m an advocate of learning one way to do something, then practicing. Have a go-to method lined up. In a pinch, you don’t want to waste time thinking about, or debating what might be the best way to pitch a tarp when you’re standing in the rain.
In this scenario, one of your hiking partners could be attaching the tarp to the paracord while you are tying the knots. Another could be finding rocks for the end. At any rate, the idea is to work together to quickly and efficiently get that shelter up.
Then, sit underneath the tarp, crank up the stove and make some tea, cook dinner, play cards or read a book. Rain is part of the outdoors experience, and you might as well enjoy it!